Paper&Board - Environmental friendly Products

Nearly 99% of the Raw Materials for Paper & Board Production are natural based
The main portion is fibrous raw material (89%), originally from wood and a smaller part from annual plants, which may consist of primary and / or secondary fibers, beside Pigments (8%), mainly also naturally based and Chemical Additives(3%). Again half of the Chemical Additives are also naturally based products (starch).


Main basic raw materials are fibers and pigments

Paper production in mainly based on fibrous raw material which may consist of primary and / or secondary fibers.
Primary fibers are obtained directly from plant raw materials, mainly from wood (e.g. spruce, pine, eucalyptus) and annual non-wood plants (e.g. straw, bagasse, bamboo).

Secondary fibers are produced from recovered papers. The paper industry is the exclusive relevant user of recovered paper - at least in terms of material recycling. The global recycling rate is already approx. 50% and will further increase.

Pigments have been used in papermaking since many years. Printing and writing papers represent by far the most dominant area for their application. They are added as fillers inside the paper sheet and as coating pigments by surface application. The main reasons for their usage are to improve opacity, brightness and printability as well as lowering production costs. Today the most important pigment is calcium carbonate (ground carbonate GCC and precipitated carbonate PCC, followed by clay (Kaolin) and talc. Beside them also titanium dioxide, calcium sulfate (gypsum) and plastic pigments are used.

Raw Material Consumption of Paper&Board Production

High Growth Rates of Recovered Paper and Pigments (world-wide average figures of total 375 tons in 2006)

Raw Material Sources - Fibers, Pigments, Chemicals